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Table 2 Distinction of cyclotron types (Goethals and Zimmermann, 2015)

From: Production of novel diagnostic radionuclides in small medical cyclotrons

Cyclotron type Energy Range (MeV) Approximate number Typical location
Small medical cyclotron (SMC) < 20 MeV 1050 - hospitals
- universities
- local commercial plants
Intermediate energy cyclotron 20–35 MeV 100 - regional commercial plants
- research institutes
High energy cyclotron > 35 MeV 50a - research institutes
- cancer proton therapy centers
  1. aExcluding proton therapy cyclotrons